Groote Eylandt, Anindilyakwa Land


The Archipelago

The Groote Archipelago is home to Anindilyakwa speaking people who also refer to themselves as Warnumamalya (Aboriginal people).

The Archipelago of islands is located a short distance off the coast of East Arnhem Land, in the in the pristine waters of the Arafura Sea, in the Gulf of Carpentaria.


Umbakumba and Angurugu communities on Groote Eylandt and Milyakburra community on Bickerton Island are home to approximately 1500 people. Some family groups choose to live outside of communities on outstations, to remain close to their homelands.

In addition to these communities, the GEMCO mining lease township of Alyangula has a population of approximately 1000 residents and fly-in fly-out mine workers.

Visiting the Eylandt

Groote Eylandt is accessible by air on a short 1.5 hour flight from Darwin or a 2 hour flight from Cairns. See Airnorth and Alliance Airlines for more details. Charter companies also offer flights from multiple locations.

The Eylandt is known for its pristine waters, an abundance of fish and secret beaches. Should you wish to come and visit us, accommodation is available at Groote Eylandt Lodge. Car hire is available from Groote Eylandt Car Rentals.

Exploring on Aboriginal land or seas where either a GEMCO mining lease or Commonwealth Government lease does not apply requires a recreation permit from the Anindilyakwa Land Council. Permits are attainable from the Anindilyakwa Land and Sea Rangers office located at Pole 13 just out of Alyangula. Visit the their website for more details and to view the map of recreation areas and current land closures.

Learn more about Anindilyakwa people & culture by visiting the Anindilyakwa Land Council, Anindilyakwa Language Centre and Bush Medijina websites.